Philadelphia, America’s fifth largest city, Pennsylvania’s largest city. Full name Ferra del Fiorea. Located at the junction of the southeastern margin of the state, the Delaware River and the Skulkir River, 142 km east of the Atlantic Ocean. Urban area of 352 square kilometers, population 158.6 million; large urban areas, including Philadelphia and other five counties and New Jersey Camden and other counties about 140 towns, with a total area of 9202 square kilometers. The city is backed by the Appalachian foothills, stretched along the narrow peninsula between the two rivers, with flat terrain and an average elevation of 30 meters. By the Delaware River and the Canal to the Atlantic Ocean. Sculkier River and its tributaries flow through the foot of the platform “waterfall”, rich water resources. Close to East Pennsylvania Coalfield. Mild and humid climate, winter and summer average temperature of 0.2 ℃ and 24.9 ℃, the average annual rainfall of about 1000 mm.
Philadelphia, the historic city of the United States. At the beginning of the 17th century for the Swedes moved to the emperor. 1682 by the British Association sent immigrants to build the city, “Ferra del Fiore” in the name from the Greek, meaning “brother of love.” Set up city in 1701. To the mid-18th century, has developed into the largest American colonial city in the United States. The status of the American War of Independence was important. 1774 – 1775 Two continental meetings were held here, through the Declaration of Independence; in 1787 held a constitutional meeting, the birth of the first federal constitution. 1790 – 1800 was the capital of the United States. Since the 19th century, the railway and port development is very fast, the rise of manufacturing, 1860 manufacturing output value accounted for 30% of the country. Is still one of the major economic, transportation and cultural centers in the United States.
Philadelphia is one of the world’s largest estuarine ports. Hong Kong area along the stunt River distribution, the coastline of more than 80 kilometers, there are 300 terminals. The water depth of the channel is 12.2 meters, and the estuary is 16.6 meters, which can be accessed by ocean-going ocean liner. There are canals to communicate with Delaware River and Chesapeake Bay. The water depth is 7.6-10.7 meters. With an area of about 29 hectares of free trade area. There are three railway lines, dense road network and port connection, land and sea transport convenient. The city has underground railways and elevated railways, public transport facilities complete. There are six large bridges across the Delaware River, connected to the neighboring towns of New Jersey. Philadelphia International Airport is located 12 kilometers southwest of the city center, passenger, cargo volume in the forefront of the country.
The city center to the middle of the river to the middle of the square as the center, stands in the square of the town hall tower for the city high ground; square four corners each have a tree-lined square. The street layout is chessboard. City quiet, suitable for living, there are “home city,” said. 38% of urban residents are black, 95% of suburban residents are white. The central square of the McKay Street and the Boulder Street is the east and the north and south of the two major roads.
From the City Hall to the northwest extension of Benjamin Franklin Avenue, is a wide boulevard, through the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Museum of the Rhodia, the Benjamin Franklin Memorial Hall and the Fesi Planetarium and other important cultural facilities, leading to Fairmont Park. The park extends along the Skulkir River, covering an area of 1,600 hectares, the world’s largest city park, with the 1876 US Independence Centennial Expo site.
Many historical sites. The Independence Square, established in 1730, is now part of the National Independence Park, where the Independence Hall is a place where the Declaration of Independence was declared on July 4, 1776, and the famous free bells were collected. The nearby Cabinet is the venue of the first continental conference. Built in 1727, the Church of Christ was the chapel of leaders in Washington, Franklin and other independent wars, near the tomb of Franklin. West is the university district, the University of Pennsylvania, Tampa University, St. Joseph’s College; Krtis School of Music and Pennsylvania Fine Arts Research Institute and other famous institutions of higher learning. The Philadelphia Orchestra is internationally renowned